Most research laboratories use animals as test subjects. Animals are made to undergo cruel experiments or are made to adapt to conditions because they are deemed useful for acquiring knowledge about human disease or for testing potential human treatments. Although animals are very different from humans but mice and rats share many organ functions and genetic similarities with humans, animal experimentation is considered to be tremendously helpful for advances in medical science. However, some people argue that animal experimentation should not be done because it is wrong to treat animals merely as tools for human benefit. According to their thinking, an animal has as much right as a human being to live out a full life, free of pain and suffering.
However, some people are of the opinion that while it is morally wrong to abuse animals, animal experimentation has to go on because of the enormous scientific resource that animal experimentation provides. Supporters of animal experimentation often also stipulate that progress can still be made to improve the conditions of laboratory animals and they fully support efforts to improve living conditions in laboratories, to use anesthesia appropriately, and to require trained personnel to handle animals. Others endorse a view closer to the middle of the spectrum. Usually, this middle view accepts experimentation on some, but not all, animals and aims to avoid unnecessary use of animals in scientific research by pursuing alternatives to animal testing
On closer scrutiny, there exists a wide range of positions on the debate over the ethics of animal testing. The two views mentioned above represent two common positions at the opposing ends of the spectrum. However in favor of animal experiments is that they will produce such great benefits for humanity that it is morally acceptable to harm a few animals. Opponents contend that the level of suffering and the number of animals involved are both so high that the benefits to humanity don’t provide moral justification.
Current legislation also recognizes that there are diverse viewpoints about the moral value of animals. Therefore, all live animal used in research, teaching or testing must be reviewed by a committee. There is also an emphasis on minimizing the overall use of animals. Proposals for animal use are reviewed based on the potential for learning new information, or for teaching skills or concepts that cannot be obtained using an alternative. This includes veterinarian to be employed at each place or research, so that the needs of the animals are looked after by someone trained in, and sympathetic toward animals’ needs including analgesics, anesthetics, and sedatives to be used where needed. . Finally, basic husbandry requirements are specified, ensuring that an animal’s food, water, and shelter will be provided for in an optimal manner. Deviations from the numerous requirements are rarely granted, and then only if adequate justification is given that the proposed experiment is scientifically and socially important and that any methods to alleviate pain or distress would frustrate the experimental objectives.
This is just a model essay paper on Morality of Animal Testing, place an order to buy a custom written essay on this topic!