Large Numbers Of Immigrants Flee
Large numbers of immigrants flee their home due to persecution in the countries of origin or due to wars, or because they lives are endangered due to their religious and political beliefs. There are a large number of displaced persons who had to leave their homes because of infighting or civil war, or occupation by outsiders. Iraq and Afghanistan are prime examples of war-torn countries. In accordance with 1951 United States conference concerning the status of refugees, a person residing outside his or her country of nationality is a refugee, and who cannot return to their countries due to “well-founded fear of harassment and strict racism, religion, nationality, association in a particular social circle, or political advice.
One hundred and forty-five of the 191 UN member states have signed the 1951 Convention or its 1967 Code of behavior, which states that these countries have undertaken to protect refugees and to honor the rule’s of non-repatriation (i.e., they are not sent back to a country where they may be persecuted). It requires allowing refugees to enter and permitting them temporary or lasting residence status. Publicly known refugees are frequently better off than other forced immigrants since they have an apparent lawful status and the protection of a powerful institution: the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
Population Of Refugees
The population of refugees all over the world increased from 2.4 million in 1975 to 10.5 million in 1985 and 14.9 million in 1990. After the cold war, the influx of refugees increased up to 18.2 million in 1993. By early 2003, refugees all over the world had declined to 10.4 million, according to UNHCR. The major category “concerning people of UNHCR” (refugees were included, few inside displaced persons and some returners) peaked at 27.4 million in 1995 and was down to 20.6 million in 2003.
Adding up people with whom UNHCR is anxious, the organization of the state of Israel and the dislocation of many Palestine Arabs leads global-longest-standing refugee conditions, above four million refugees today. Refugees belong to those countries who were hit by war, and chaos. Figures quoted from UNCHR for 2002, the ten major places of origin were Afghanistan (with 2.5 million refugees), Burundi (574,000), Sudan (505,000), Angola (433,000), Somalia (429,000), Democratic Republic of Congo (415,000), Iraq (401,000), Bosnia-Herzegovina (372,000), Vietnam (348,000) and Eritrea (316,000).