Winston Churchill was born on 30 November 1874, in Blenheim Palace; Oxfordshire belongs to the upper class and hereditary nobility. His grandfather was the seventh Duke of Marlborough. Churchill grew up in Dublin, Ireland. He was sent to Harrow school, a boarding school near London by his father. Although achieving poor grades at school, his early arouse with military saw him join Royal Cavalry in 1895.
In the beginning, it did not seem the military was a good choice for Churchill as he passed his exam in the third attempt for British Royal Military College. However, he did quite well and graduated with good grades. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the fourth Queen’s Own Hussars. Since the beginning of his military career, he took an interest in war correspondence that is why he rather seek out all possible chances of military action than the conventional career of promotion through army ranks.
As a soldier and journalist, he travelled widely, including Cuba, India, Egypt and South Africa. While in the army, he wrote military reports for newspapers. During the Cuban War of Independence in 1895, he was sent Cuba with his fellow officer to perceive the Spanish fight the Cuban guerrillas where he wrote about the conflict between them to Daily Graphic.
In 1899, Churchill left the army and worked as a war correspondent for the morning post. While reporting a war in South Africa, Boers took him as a prisoner but somehow he managed to escape, travelling almost 300 miles to Portuguese territory in Mozambique. He became the headlines of the British newspapers when he escaped. He shared his experiences in his own written book London to Ladysmith in 1900. In the same year, he became a Member of Parliament in the Conservative Party for Oldham. However, later he had some reservation and was not convinced that the Conservative Party was committed to social justice, he switched to Liberal Party and elected an MP in 1908 and later was appointed to the Prime Minister’s Cabinet as President of the Board of Trade.
Churchill served as a Minister of War from 1919 to 1922. By 1938, as Germany began controlling its neighbors, Churchill was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of War Cabinet and later he became the chairman of the Military Coordinating Committee. On May 10, King George VI appointed Churchill as Prime Minister. Within hours, the German Army started invading the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg and after two days, their forces entered France. Britain was the only country against it. As soon Churchill became a Prime Minister, he formed a coalition cabinet of leaders from Labour, Liberal and Conservative parties and placed the best people in key positions. He made one of his iconic speeches to the House of Commons and finally he managed to defeat Germans.
On 15 January 1965, Churchill suffered a severe stroke that left him seriously ill. He died at his London home at the age of 90, on 24 January 1965. He was given state funeral.
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