Nelson Mandela- A Great Civil Rights Activist in the History
It is a common knowledge that Nelson Mandela served 27 years in prison, helped escort in the end of racial segregation and was elected the first Black President in the history of Southern Africa in 1994. But a great unforgettable struggle lies before becoming the Head of the State.
Nelson Mandela Journey
Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in the small village of Mvezo, on the banks of the Mbashe River in Transkei, South Africa. His father served as a counselor to tribal chiefs for several years. Mandela studied Law at the University of Witwatersrand. While living in Johannesburg, he became involved in anti-colonial politics and joined ANC as a founding member of its Youth League. Later, working as a Lawyer, he was arrested quite a few times for seditious activities and unsuccessfully prosecuted in the Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961. He secretly joined South African Communist Party. Initially committed to non-violent protest, and then leading a sabotage campaign against the apartheid government.
Mandela was detained on Robben Island for 18 of his 27 years in prison.An international campaign lobbied his release and he came out in 1990. He did negotiations with F. W. Klerk, President Nationalist to abolish apartheid and organize Multiracial Elections in 1994, in which he led the ANC to the victory and became the first South African President.
Mandela was a great civil rights activist and an enormous leader. He worked hard to bring down Apartheid and to make peace. He established the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate human rights abuses under Apartheid and averted bloodshed. His policies saved lives and give people a true identity what they actually deserved. By the end of his Presidential tenure, three million people were connected to telephone line and clean drinking water, one and a half million children were brought into education system, five hundred clinics were built, and around two million people got connected to the electricity grid and built houses providing shelter for almost 3 million people.
Besides advocating for peace and equality on both a national and international scale, in his later years, Mandela remained committed to the fight against AIDS, a disease that killed Mandela’s son, Makgatho, in 2005.
On December 5, 2013, Nelson Mandela died at his home in Johannesburg, South Africa, at the age of 95. For decades to come, he will continue to be a source of inspiration for civil rights activists worldwide.
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