An argument is mostly based on a particular logical order. If any of the element of this particular order is missing then it said to be a logical fallacy. A logical fallacy is basically an error of reasoning. When building an argument, many people commit different reasoning errors. Due to these errors, the argument is mostly misunderstood or misjudged. There are many fallacies, which people commit intentionally or unintentionally in their daily life. We will discuss few logical fallacy briefly.
Non sequitur term means “it does not follow”. If the conclusion of an argument does not support its premises then it is said to be a Non-sequitur fallacy. An argument without a relevant conclusion is considered as logically incoherent.
When a person avoids answering the question posed by someone and starts attacking his/her character or opinion then it is said to be an Ad hominem fallacy. Politicians mostly commit this sort of fallacy.
Appeal to Authority
When a person makes an appeal to an inappropriate authority, he is actually committing the fallacy of an Appeal to Authority. This kind of fallacy is very common in advertisements. You might have seen an advertisement of an actor who has no expertise in medicine, explaining and persuading people to buy a particular medicine.
False analogy is the fallacy of an argument in which one situation is being compared to some other situation. These situations may have a single similar aspect. By using this similarity, a person asserts that if one aspect of both situations is identical then all other aspects must also be similar.
Begging the question
When a person restates the problem instead of providing a conclusion, he is committing the fallacy of Begging the question. This fallacy is also known as the Circular Reasoning because an argument having this fallacy only defines itself rather than proving anything or concluding some solution.
When a person provides only two possibilities of something then he is committing the fallacy of false dichotomy. For instance, saying,”comb your hair or you will become bald”. It can be seen that baldness is not the only possible result of not combing the hair.
It is a fallacy, in which a person jumps to a conclusion without having adequate evidence and facts. This kind of fallacy is a weak reasoning because of the insufficient body of evidence.
Aforementioned are some most common fallacies people commit while arguing a viewpoint. Most people are unaware of the fact that the existence of these fallacies in their arguments renders it into an invalid claim. Every claim must be free of reasoning errors to conduct the proper and authentic meanings to the audience.
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