Term Paper

Heart Failure

Heart failure is a grave medical condition where the heart does not pump blood in the required quantity that it should for normal working of the body. This causes a person to feel tired and makes it difficult to eliminate waste products properly which allows fluid to accumulate in the lungs and other parts of the body such as the legs and abdomen. These are the causes of heart failure and many people who suffer have one or all these symptoms.

Although heart failure can occur at any age, it usually occurs with the onset of age. Conditions for heart failure are caused by such factors as coronary heart disease” “high blood pressure” which happens due to stress or extra workload. Heart failure does not mean that a person’s heart is going to stop working completely, but that the heart is having difficulties in meeting the needs of a person’s body. Old people are the most affected by heart failure, but it is not necessary that this is a part of advanced years. Many much younger people in their late 30’s, 40’s and 50’s are also susceptible to heart failures for many reasons. Heart failure is a serious issue which grows worse with the passage of time. Ultimately it can shorten a person’s life.

The progress of heart failure varies from person to person. Frequently the symptoms remain stable for months or even years before becoming dangerously worse. The symptoms might progress rapidly in case a person suffers another heart attack” or have a lung infection Even such serious conditions can be treated effectively, and careful management of the condition can, in fact, prolong a person’s life. It is obvious that with the progression of age, many parts of the body either stop functioning or do not function at their previous level. As people grow older, the condition of the heart deteriorates until it stops functioning completely which is the cause of death of many people.

Although heart failure cannot be completely cured, with diet control and change of lifestyle and getting sufficient physical exercise, it is possible to live a normal life for a longer period of time. According to the WHO the eight key risk factors (alcohol use, tobacco use, high blood pressure, high body mass index, high cholesterol, high blood glucose, low fruit and vegetable intake, and physical inactivity) account for as much as 61% of all cardiovascular deaths and over three-quarters of all CHD: the leading cause of death worldwide. 

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